Tamir Ulaan Khoshuu

© mission archéologique de Tamir Ulaan Khoshuu

La fouille du site de Tamir Ulaan Khoshuu est co-dirigée par le Professeur Tsagaan Turbat (Institut d’Histoire et d’Archéologie de l’Académie des Sciences de Mongolie) et le Professeur Eric Crubezy (Université Paul Sabatier Toulouse III). Il bénéficie de la participation et du soutien de l’Institut des Déserts et des Steppes (dir. scientifique professeur Pierre-Henri Giscard).

The excavation campaigns
(by years)


Pr. Eric Crubézy (Université Toulouse III Paul Sabatier)

Pr. Tsagaan Turbat (Institut d’Histoire et d’Archéologie de l’Académie des Sciences de Mongolie)

Pr. Pierre-Henri Giscard (Institut des Déserts et des Steppes)

The study of Tamir Ulaan necropolis, dated from the Xiongnu period (3th c. BC-2nd c. AD), follows two purposes : to understand better the funerary practices and, more globally, to highlight the culture of its population, which maintained close relations with the Han of China.
The necropolis is located in the Arkhangaï region, in the heart of Mongolia. Occuping about 22 hectares on the hillside, the site overlooks the floodplain of the Tamir River.
A paleo-genetic study is being carried out in parallel to the excavations to apprehend the settlement patterns of Mongolian and Siberian steppes.

Historical background and research axis

The excavation of the necropolis raises many questions.
They concern first of all the people buried here after having nomadized in the surrounding steppes: who were they? What relationships did they have with the other steppe populations? To what extend had they exchanges and interactions with their powerful neighbours in China, the Hans?
The questions also concern the way the necropolis functioned through time and space. Therefore, absolute datings will be done to understand its chronological evolution. These chornological data, associated with the anthropological studies, should unable a better understanding of the recruitment within the necropolis: was it intended for the entire population? Or was there a specific recruitment based on predefined socio-cultural criteria?
Finally, the paleo-genetic study will provide new insights into the family relationships within these nomadic populations.

How Eveha International Participates

Archaeological investigations


The Tamir Ulaan Khoshuu site excavation is co-directed by prof. Tsagaan Turbat (Institute of History and Archeology of the Mongolian Academy of Sciences) and by prof. Eric Crubezy (University P. Sabatier-Toulouse III). The Institut des Déserts et des Steppes (institute of deserts and steppes; scient. dir. Prof. P.-H. Giscard) participates to and supports the project.